This is a curvature of the spine. With this condition, the spine does not run straight up and down. Instead, it looks more like a “C” or a “S.” Scoliosis can affect infants, small children, children in grade school and adolescents. Typically, the condition is accompanied neither by pain nor a reduction in other bodily functions. Doctors do not know what causes scoliosis. Some researchers believe genetics play a role. Treatments vary with the patient’s age and the condition’s severity. In some cases, braces may be helpful. In other situations, surgeons may choose to straighten the spine, using rods, screws, hooks and/or wires.