Researchers do not know what causes this condition. However, doctors have found effective treatments for it. Clubfoot’s appearance is distinctive. The foot – or feet-- turns to the side and the affected foot, leg and calf are smaller and shorter than the unaffected limb. A relatively new nonsurgical procedure delivers promising results. This involves the gradually stretching of the foot, casting it and, later, bracing it at night. When appropriate surgery, aims to align the foot properly. A cast is applied after the procedure, and patient may require special shoes or braces when healing is done.