Bunions result from wearing tight, narrow shoes and high heels. As a result, 90 percent of bunion cases in the United States affect women. A bunion is a sore bump on the foot where the big toe and foot meet. Fortunately, in early stages of this condition, it’s easily corrected by getting wider shoes. Advanced cases, when walking is difficult and painful, may require surgery. Generally, bunion procedures move bones, ligaments, tendons and nerves into a natural and comfortable position. These operations often are done on an outpatient basis. Yet, patients may face extended recovery periods.