Head injuries are an all-too-common part of American athletics – amateur and professional. In fact, an estimated 300,000 people suffer these every year in the United States. Head trauma is a regular feature of cycling, boxing, football, wrestling, rugby and even basketball and soccer. These injuries can range from mild to severe, and even repeated mild traumas can lead to long-term neurological and cognitive problems. Prevention is important. Concussion symptoms vary in severity. They include dizziness, headache, vomiting, difficulty concentrating and loss of memory, balance and consciousness. If a concussion occurs, a player should stop all activity and immediately seek medical aid. For even mild concussions, athletes probably should desist from participating in sport for a period specified by a physician. No medicine exists to cure concussions. However, doctors may be able to prescribe drugs to address symptoms. At Bon Secours Orthopaedic Institute, we strongly recommend the use of appropriate safety gear for all sports. However, when head trauma occurs we are prepared to diagnosis and to treat it. We also advocate that anybody receiving a head injury seek appropriate medical care immediately. This is especially true when patients are children or adolescents. When needed, we use a team approach to all aspects of care. This allows us to draw on the experience, skill and wisdom of healthcare professionals from a variety of fields.