medial collateral ligament (MCL) repair
Ligaments connect bone to bone. The MCL links the thigh and shin bones. This ligament is on the inner side of the knee. The MCL allows for sideways movement of the knee and helps with its stability. MCL damage is common in skiing and football when the knee is forced to the side. The majority of MCL injuries do not require surgery. They usually respond well to icing, bracing and physical therapy. However, surgery may be needed, if the MCL is severely torn. Surgeons only require a small incision for these procedures due to the MCL’s location. If the ligament is torn in two, then the doctor stitches the ends together. If the tear occurs where the MCL attaches to thigh or shin bones, then the physician connects the ligament to bone with stitches, a staple or a screw.